Amblyopia – also known as lazy eye, affects about two percent of babies and pre-schoolers. It involves loss of central vision in 1 eye, while side is unaffected. The brain ignores visual information from one eye in favor of the other. The earlier that amblyopia is diagnosed and treated the better. All children should have a thorough eye exam no later than age 4.
Strabismus – also known as crossed-eyes, involves the turning of one or both eyes in, out, up, or down. A comprehensive eye exam is needed for diagnosis and is treated with prism lenses and surgery.
Early School Through Teen Years
Myopia (Nearsightedness) – often appears between ages of 10 and 20. It is a progressive condition that blurs distance vision and often stabilizes in mid to late twenties. An annual eye exam is necessary, as periodic lens changes are often needed. Wearing contact lenses may actually slow myopia’s progression.
Stigmatism – caused by an irregularity in the cornea’s shape. Vision is blurred and distorted at all distances but can be corrected with glasses or contact lenses.
Hyperopia (farsightedness) – one of the refractive errors. This is commonly caused by the length of the eyeball being too short front to back than normal. It can sometimes also be caused by the cornea having too flat a curvature.